The Unmissable Wonders of Arctic Quebec and Labrador
Discover the tops things to see and do in Arctic Quebec and Labrador, the most beautiful sites of interest and find real dream itineraries.
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For those looking to discover beautiful and impressive natural places, the Merewether Crater is a must in North Labrador. Merewether has been a mystery for over 60 years.
With a diameter of 198 meters and a depth of 47 meters, the Merewether Crater is included on the “List of possible impact structures”. Elements make this assumption incomplete. Perhaps it is a sinkhole located on a fault line, or the explosion of a methane bubble. To this day Merewether remains an unresolved enigma.
An excursion of a few hours with a professional guide will plunge you into the heart of this enigma to ponder your own conclusion.
The Kettles are glacial lakes with striking contrasts; they are some of the most colorful lakes in the Torngat Mountain Range. Located in a strange area of moraine hills with an ice core, the Kettles are affected by thermo-erosion. Very few places on the Quebec-Labrador peninsula expose such a geological phenomenon.
We will take a short hike to explore the geology of the soil subsidence of these apocalyptic landscapes. The gaping chasms and mysterious craters will leave you speechless.
Put on your boots and go for a hike on an esker on the watershed between Quebec and Labrador. Through this excursion you will discover unique places in Labrador.
Eskers are postglacial remains forming long narrow ridges across the tundra like a railway embankment, often sinuous ridges composed of stratified sediments and marking the previous location of a glacial tunnel. The Quebec-Labrador Peninsula is a region where countless eskers snake the tundra for miles through mountains, lakes and rivers.
As you walk on the eskers, keep a close eye on the local wildlife. Birds nest on the banks of the Eskers where micro green oasis’ have formed, and it is a favourite place for wolves and foxes to have a den. With a little luck you could even encounter a unique species of tundra-dwelling black bear. It is also in this region that during migration, caribou cross the vast plains of the George River Plateau.
Eskers also have some of the purest water sources in the world. Low in minerals and with excellent Ph, esker water has an almost perfect balance. This is an opportunity to fill your water bottle and taste this water as if tasting the sky.
Get ready for a ride on a river that has iced-up several meters high. What is special about the Ice River is that it almost never thaws during the short arctic summer.
From the beginning of winter, its bed freezes completely, forcing the water to flow to the surface and form thick layers of ice. In the spring, the flood waters sculpt magnificent crevasses, caves and tunnels through the ice.
While hiking on the Ice River, you will enjoy the scenery and wander through the aqua, blue and white ice crevices.
A hiking or fat-bike ride on the Ice River is a fascinating experience and is reminiscent of the glacial landscapes found in the high peaks of the Torngat Mountains.
Many travelers travel the globe to photograph the most beautiful landscapes in the world and waterfalls are always a must. On the Golden Peninsula there are dozens of waterfalls, most of which have never been named or documented.
Located on the north side of Fraser Canyon, the Delta Waterfall is 182 meters high, making it the 3rd highest waterfall in the Fraser Canyon. The waterfall is easily appreciated from the south cliff of the canyon. On sunny days, it is not uncommon to see rainbows beautify the magnificent Delta Waterfall.
You can also hike along the edge of the canyon ridge to discover other beautiful waterfalls and with a little luck see Peregrine Falcon flying over the cliffs.
Moraine Desert Valley
The Moraine Desert Valley is a semi-desert valley located in the southern Torngat Mountains of Labrador. It is a little-known region that is remarkable for its vast dunes and magnificent moraine plateaus. A trip to the Moraine Desert Valley means finding yourself in one of the most unusual areas of Labrador. The stones, with shades of yellow, ocher and red can create optical illusions by changing colour from white, to yellow, to orange and red depending on the angle of the sun and overall luminosity during the day.
Throughout the summer, wandering caribou can be seen in the verdant micro-oasis of the valley. Tundra-dwelling black bear frequent the valley throughout the summer and are present more often during the salmon run. The animals in this isolated region of the Torngat Mountains are so unaccustomed to human presence that they are not afraid of visitors, but rather curious.
The valley is an absolutely fantastic place for mountain terrain bike (MTB) enthusiasts. Nothing is more enjoyable than exploring the tundra landscapes by rolling over the moraine plateaus between the colorful mountains and the blue river water.
Hebron Fjord Lake
Located at the end of the 2nd largest fjord on the Labrador coast, Hebron Fjord Lake is Labrador’s largest inland freshwater fjord. At the fjord’s water-limit rises the highest waterfall in the province. This magnificent waterfall is twice as high as the Eiffel Tower, at over 720 meters!
There are exceptional hiking trails in this area such as; the North Ridge, the bottom of the glacial valley, along the Hebron Gorge, as well as packrafting along Hebron River which leads to Hebron’s freshwater lake. This hiking area is part of the North Ridge Trail and is no. 1 on our list of the best hiking trails in Labrador!
With its glacially carved terrain, towering mountain cliffs, diverse wildlife and beautiful waterfalls, it just doesn’t get much more incredible than the Hebron Fjord Lake area.
Located in the Hebron Fjord Lake area, Tarn lake sits perched high above Hebron Fjord lake at the edge of the towering fjord walls resembling an infinity pool.
Fjords are often described as the works of art of nature. Their exceptional natural beauty comes from the vertiginous walls that rise several hundred meters above the Labrador Sea.
The fjord landscape is ideal for all kinds of outdoor activities, whether you just want to breathe peace and quiet or prefer an adrenaline rush.
A guided day hike at the top of the ridge of Hebron Fjord Lake will allow you to discover the different sediment layers of the fjord walls, and to feel the grandeur of this magnificent landscape: Hebron Fjord Lake, Tarn Lake and Hebron Waterfall.
The Secret Garden of The Monoliths
Luck sometimes leads to fascinating discoveries! Discovered by chance in July 2019, the Secret Garden of the Monoliths is one of the great hidden treasures of Labrador.
In the heart of the arctic tundra, stand monolithic stone sculptures of the strangest shapes and sizes.
Gnawed by freeze-thaw cycles and wind since the dawn of time, motley shapes emerge from the granite arena (weathering of a crystalline rock) to transform it into true works of art.
The Secret Garden of the Monoliths is one of the sights of the arctic tundra in the Torngat Mountains. The penguin-like boulder, the Trolls shoes and the gourd are some fine examples of transformation. There is also a giant mushroom, a huge muffin, the face of a bear, the menhir and many other shapes, each as unusual as the next.
The garden covers more than 25 square km. He transforms the austere beauty of the arctic tundra into an extravagant garden, which not even the most discerning sculptor could imagine.
The Secret Garden of Monoliths is a dream location for landscape photographers!
Whether you want to take a picture of them at sunrise or sunset, or under the Northern Lights, the photos you bring back of these monoliths will be unique in the world.
The Domes are mountains with rounded summits, polished by glaciers and contrasted by a green valley, black spruce, dwarf birches, long sandy beaches and lakes with turquoise and aqua marine waters. This diversity creates a paradise for nature photographers and hikers.
The Domes Tour is one of the most remarkable hiking trails south-east of the Torngat Mountains.
Lost in the immensity of Labrador stretching more than 100 km long and 568 m deep, Fraser Canyon is the longest and the most striking canyon in eastern Canada.
Fraser Canyon is a geological wonder with several towering waterfalls.
At the bottom of the canyon flows the Fraser River where arctic char and salmon migrate. The river is an important nesting site for the Harlequin Duck, and is a commonplace for Peregrine Falcon and other species of raptors .
A guided hike on the bare peaks that line the canyon immerses you in landscapes that are among the most breathtaking in the region.
Along the way, you will pass Fraser Waterfall, which plunges more than 240 meters into the canyon.
The Hebron River is a perfect example of an ancient glacial river that formed when the ice sheet melted over 6,000 years ago.
At its base, the valley is verdant and filled with an important diversity of wildflowers where black bears and caribou roam.
Deep in the Hebron Valley hides a narrow Hidden Box Canyon. It is one of the most beautiful canyons in the region. Take the time to explore it on foot and soak up its fantastic landscapes.
If you are keen on mountain hiking, the route of the Hebron Inner Fjord Valley and the North Ridge of the fjord will fascinate you with its postglacial landscapes and dizzying cliffs.
These hiking trails bring together a great diversity of natural wonders – chams, gorges, waterfalls, ice bridges, colorful mountains, canyons and fjords.
The most exciting way to visit the most scenic spots of the Hebron River and its inner fjord is to combine packrafting with mountain hiking.
On the Labrador Plateau near the watershed between Quebec and Labrador lies a fascinating Dry Canyon.
It’s the Fraser River that has carved this impressive 350-meter-deep dry gorge stretching over 1.5 km.
The Dry Canyon is a must-see place to discover fascinating geological formations and beautiful waterfalls of fine angel hair that flow from the top of the colorful cliffs.
Making your way into a narrow canyon with high cliff walls is a totally unique experience. As you descend into the canyon, you will hear the runoff of an underground river running under foot.
The canyon is particularly beautiful around mid-day, when the sun fully illuminates the canyon floor and steep walls creating fabulous light effects and offering striking photo opportunities for photography enthusiasts of all levels.
Waterfalls on the Quebec-Labrador peninsula are everywhere, but due to their remote locations most of them are unknown and have never been photographed.
Thunder Falls is an authentic hidden treasure at the bottom of Fraser Canyon in Labrador. With a height exceeding 100 meters and more than 20 meters wide at its base, this waterfall forms an imposing white veil of mist and is intimidating by its deafening noise.
A few hundred meters away, there is another beautiful waterfall that is also worth seeing. In front of these magnificent waterfalls, you will discover beautiful canyons with many views of other smaller waterfalls tumbling from high above in a seemingly delicate way.
Located a few miles from the Inner Hebron Fjord Lake, the Hebron Gorge represents more than 10 kilometers of breathtaking scenery. It is the deepest and most beautiful gorge in Labrador. While hiking through this gorge, you will have the pleasure of discovering roaring waterfalls, chasms, caves, beaches, colorful mountains and impressive cliffs.
The Hebron Gorge has many ravines from 50 to 100 meters deep, the largest of which is more than 460 meters deep. The gorge is a combination of very diverse landscapes and offers many opportunities to take exceptional pictures from the cliffs.
The Labrador Coast
One of our most memorable tours on the Golden Peninsula is an air safari combined with a stroll along the coast of Labrador.
The Torngat Mountains and the Labrador Coast; areas that the Vikings referred to in “The Saga of Erik the Red”, are among the places we will visit during this trip.
For miles we will fly over the absolutely stunning coastal landscapes – rocky fingers, high cliff walls, tablelands, waterfalls, icebergs and so much more. We will make stops along the coast to discover amazing panoramas and perhaps even spot some polar bears strolling the coastline!
With opportunities to marvel at the summit of the imposing Troll Wall, which is more than 700 meters high, this tour will leave you with unforgettable memories and an ethereal awareness of just how small we humans are in this world.
Tundra-Dwelling Black Bear
It is in the inner area of the Torngat Mountains that we set off to encounter a unique species of tundra-dwelling black bear. It is one of the few places in the world where black bears still live without ever being in contact with humans. The encounter with these black bears is particularly recommended at the end of the summer when food is plentiful and their main concern is to feed before the arrival of winter.
In this state of tranquility, the tundra-dwelling black bear is a relatively calm animal that can easily be approached.
Our wildlife guide will introduce you to this unique species of black bear so that you can closely photograph them without disturbing them.
During this excursion we will head out by air to find polar bears at the edge of the Labrador Sea. The probability of crossing the largest land carnivore on Earth is high. After all, the Quebec-Labrador Peninsula is home to more polar bears than people.
The polar bears on the Golden Peninsula spend much of their time fishing the migratory Arctic char in the coastal rivers. During the spring, summer and autumn, polar bears tend to gather near these rivers, so these are precisely the areas that we will target during this trip.
In addition to polar bears, this region is home to seals, walrus and a high density of seabirds such as Barrow’s Goldeneye, Razorbill and Kittiwake.
One of the best places in the world to see icebergs is in Iceberg Alley within the Labrador Sea.
During early summer, Iceberg Alley is transformed into an icy polar sea when thousands of icebergs drift slowly into the waters of the Labrador Sea from Greenland, offering spectacular photo opportunities.
To admire the beauty of these glacial giants, we will fly over them at low altitude and make stops along the seaside where you can sit and relax and watch the show. To add to the impressive arctic panorama, seals can often be seen playing between icebergs.
You can take advantage of this exceptional opportunity to chisel and taste ice from the iceberg, or bring some back to the lodge for your evening drink!
The iceberg show is an experience that always delights photographers and nature lovers alike.
The iceberg tour is also synonymous with unpredictable encounters with Labrador wildlife – polar bears, seals, walruses, humpback whales and birds.
The fascinating spectacle of the northern lights are essential photos to complete the memories of your trip.
The Far North of Quebec and Labrador is one of the best places in Canada to see auroras borealis shows. In mid-August, as the darkness of night returns to the Quebec-Labrador Peninsula, you can marvel at the aurora borealis displays and shooting star shows on clear nights.
Our photographer guide will lend all of his experience so that you have the best chance to capture this phenomenon, as capricious as it is hypnotic.
In the evening, you can also soak up the Northern Lights shows while relaxing in a wood-fired cedar spa in the gazebo at the lodge, or perhaps venture out by boat in the bay in front of the lodge to capture the fantastic reflections on the water.
The Kaumajet Mountains
The Kaumajet Mountains are a dramatic compact mountain range rising 1219 meters / 4000 feet above the Labrador Sea.
The Kaumajet are a true photographer’s paradise. They contain not only the highest island peaks of the east coast of North America, but also extraordinary landscapes.
On Cod Island and Grimmington, there are glacial cirques, sharp peaks, dizzying waterfalls, vast outcrops of red-colored volcanic rocks and magnificent beaches of soft, smooth basalt pebbles.
Don’t miss a stop full of discovery at Lost Channel. This site, with landscapes as sublime as they are surreal, is one of the most beautiful and wild on the big Grimmington Island.
It is an amazing place for the cliffs plunging steeply into the sea and also a remarkable place to see seals and polar bears which continually roam the area.
The highest peaks on the islands which offer truly remarkable vantage points are Brave Mountain, Bishop’s Miter, Fingers Hill and Table Hill.
Stroll through the magnificent landscapes of the Golden Peninsula, visiting a subglacial drainage tunnel carved into the ice. The particularity of this ice tunnel is that it offers a breathtaking natural spectacle – ice vault, chasm, crevasse and glacial waterfall.
The Ice Tunnel Tour is a four (4) hour adventure through incredible panoramic views of the southern part of the Torngats Mountains in the far north of Labrador.
If a trip to the distant lands of the Far North of Quebec and Labrador already sounds sensational to you, then join a floral excursion on the arctic tundra and live a most exceptional experience.
Over the millennia, the Arctic flora has adopted numerous strategies for survival and for fighting against the cold. Here are some polar plants and their particularities that you will certainly have the chance to observe during your hikes on the Golden Peninsula.
One of the most common plant species you will encounter is the arctic willow (Salix arctica). It is one of the smallest trees in the world and one of the few to withstand the icy and dry climate of the far north. The arctic willow feeds several animals such as musk ox, caribou, arctic hare and lemming.
You will also discover many endemic species: lichens and mosses, ferns, rushes, berries, grasses and many floral varieties. Among them are the rose stonecrop, the great-leaved willowherb, the mountain sorrel, the arctic poppy, multiple orchids and the snow pearlwort. They have developed amazing survival techniques and spread out in magnificent colored carpets – pink, orange, blue, which attract many animals and will enchant lovers of authentic landscapes.
A naturalist guide passionate about Arctic flora will be happy to accompany you on a personalized four (4) hour tour to help you discover the riches of the tundra.
Arctic Tundra Biome
Explore one of the most amazing attractions in Northern Quebec and Labrador with this tour through the Arctic tundra biome.
Through this unique adventure, located in the southern ecozone of the Arctic Cordillera, you will discover natural phenomena that are very sensitive to climate changes and which transform the ecosystems of the tundra.
You will visit areas of permafrost where the thaw transforms the tundra into pools of thermokarst, as well as ecosystems conducive to the growth of mosses, lichens, grasses and in particular certain species of mushrooms.
Your naturalist guide, an expert in the arctic tundra biome, will be happy to lead you to exceptional sites where caribou come to graze on the vast grassy plains. Thanks to this one (1) day tour, you will discover many post-glacial rock formations that transform tundra landscapes into real postcards.